Myanmar, a republic in South-East Asia, bounded on the north by Tibet Autonomous Region of China; on the east by China, Laos, and Thailand; on the south by the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal; and on the west by the Bay of Bengal, Bangladesh, and India. It is officially known as the Union of Myanmar. The coastal region is known as Lower Myanmar, while the interior region is known as Upper Myanmar. The total area of the country is 676,552 square km (261,218 square miles).
A horseshoe-shaped mountain complex and the valley of the Ayarwaddy (Irrawaddy) River system are the dominant topographical features of Myanmar. The mountains of the northern margin rise to 5881 meters (19,296 ft) atop Hkakabo Razi, the highest peak in Southeast Asia. The two other mountain systems have northern to southern axes. The Arakan Yoma range, with peaks reaching more than 2740 meters (about 9000 ft), forms a barrier between Myanmar and the subcontinent of India. The Bilauktaung range, the southern extension of the Shan Plateau, lies along the boundary between southwestern Thailand and southeastern Lower Myanmar. The Shan Plateau, originating in China, has an average elevation of about 910 meters (about 3000 ft).
Generally narrow and elongated in the interior, the central lowlands attain a width of about 320km (about 200 miles) across the Ayarwaddy-Sittaung delta. The delta plains, extremely fertile and economically the most important section of the country, cover an area of about 46,620 sq. km (18,000 sq. ml.). Both the Arakan (in the northwest) and the Tenasserim (in the southwest) coasts of myanmar are rocky and fringed with islands. The country has a number of excellent natural harbours.
Myanmar has a long history and its greatness dates back to the early 11th Century when King Anawrahta unified the country and founded the First Myanmar Empire in Bagan more than 20 years before the Norman Conquest of England in 1066. The Bagan Empire encompassed the areas of the present day Myanmar and the entire Menam Valley in Thailand and lasted two centuries. The Second Myanmar Empire was founded in 16th Century by King Bayinnaung styled Branginoco by the Portuguese. King Alaungpaya founded the last Myanmar Dynasty in 1752 and it was during the zenith of this Empire that the British moved into Myanmar Wars in 1825. During The Second World War, Myanmar was occupied by the Japanese from 1942 till the return of the Allied Forces in 1945. Myanmar becomes a sovereign independent state in January 1948 after more than 100 years of colonial administration.
Myanmar is an all year round destination. Hilly regions in the north and northeast enjoy cool temperate weather. Rainfall is also very low in central regions the rainy season.
The Republic of the Union of Myanmar has a population of over 60 million. The major racial groups are Bamar, Kachin, Kayah, Kayin, Chin, Mon, Rakhine and Shan. The people are called Myanmar.
Over 80 percent of Myanmar embraces are Theravada Buddhism. There are Christians, Muslims, Hindus and some animists.
Predominantly Myanmar (Bamar) and ethnic minorities speaking Chin, Kachin, Kayin, Shan and other 135 hill-tribe dialects and also Cantonese, Mandarin, Hindustani, Urdu spoken Chinese and Indian Immigrants. Being once a British colony English is also widely spoken.
Myanmar lies on the crossroad of two of the world's great civilizations - China and India - but its culture is neither that of India nor that of China exclusively, but a blend of both interspersed with Myanmar native traits and characteristics. Buddhism has great influence on daily life of the Myanmar. The people have preserved the traditions of close family ties, respect for the elders, reverence for Buddhism and simple native dress. Myanmar’s are contented and cheerful even in the face of adversities and known for their simple hospitality and friendliness.
The monetary unit is Kyat (pronounced “chat”). Foreign currencies must be exchanged only at authorized money changers at the airport, hotels, and banks. Travelers are advised to bring crisp, new and unbent USD 100 notes. International credit cards and travelers checks are not widely used, except in major hotels and restaurants. The use of Visa Cards started in January 2013.
Cotton clothing and a light wrap for the evening during the cool season are recommended. Do not wear shorts, tank tops or sleeveless blouses when visiting temple. Dress modestly at all times- revealing clothing is frowned upon in Myanmar. Footwear must be removed before entering a temple.
Banks: 09:30 - 15:00 Mon - Fri
Offices: 09:30 – 16:30 Mon - Fri
A departure tax of US $10 payable in U.S. Currency is required. No departure tax is required for domestic flights.
Jewelry, electrical goods and cameras must be declared at the airport. Antiques and archaeologically valuable items are not allowed to be taken out. Duty free allowance: two bottles of liquor; two cartons of cigarettes; 100 cigars; 1.5 lb of tobacco; one pint bottle of perfume or eau de cologne.
You may bring in as much foreign currency as you want. However foreign currency exceeding USD 2000 or equivalent taking in by a foreigner must be declared on Foreign Exchange Declaration Form (F.E.D Form).
(a) Foreigners, taking in foreign currencies exceeding USD 2000, need to declare.
(b) Myanmar Nationals, taking in any amount of foreign currency, need to declare.
Note- Do not forgets to keep the FED Form. You have to surrender it to customs on your departure.
Any consignment for exportation of gems stones, set or unset, jewelry, silverware, handicraft purchased in Myanmar shall only be allowed against the production of special cash memo or voucher issued by the AUTHORISED DEALERS.
Ministry of Health has been implementing better health care management system and the international health regulation for the support of health tourism. There are points of entry health services at the international airports and passengers are requested to fill in the health declaration form.