The main tourist destination in Myanmar is BAGAN which was once the seat of the first Myanmar Empire; and now, well known as one of the richest archaeological sites in South-East Asia.
Situated on the eastern bank of the Ayeyarwaddy River, over 2000 Pagodas and Temples mostly of the 11th-13th Centuries AD are the wonders of the world.
The Gawdawpalin Temple was built by King Narapatisithu after Sulamani Temple. The unfinished construction was completed by his son Htilominlo. The Temple is located about 3 miles (5km) south of the Bu Pagoda on the bank of the Ayeyarwaddy River. It is about 180ft (55m) high and the structure is similar to that of the Sulamani Temple.
Htilominlo Temple, Situated close to the road between Nyaung Oo and Bagan, and about 1.5km northeast of Bagan. This massive temple was built by King Nantaungmya in 1218. The Temple is known to be the last of the Myanmar Style temples built in Bagan.
The existence of Myanmar traditional lacquerware is dated back since 12th Century AD and until now widely spread out as cottage industries around Bagan area. Today tourists can watch the skilled artisans as they work on the various stages of the six-month process.
Mingalarzedi Pagoda ('Blessing Stupa') was built in 1277 by King Narathihapati. It was the very last of the late period monuments to be built before the kingdom’s decline. Mingalarzedi is noted for its fine proportions and for the many beautiful glazed jataka tiles around its three square terraces.
Manisithu Market (Nyaung Oo Market) is situated at the centre of "Nyaung Oo". It is the only main market in Bagan Region. This market is one of the most interesting tourist spots to stop and visit.
King Anawrahta built Shwe San Daw Pagoda after his conquest of Thaton in 1057. This graceful circular pagoda was constructed at the centre of his newly empowered kingdom. The pagoda was also known as Ganesh or Mahapeine after the elephantheaded Hindu god whose images once stood at the corners of the five successive terraces.
Shwezigon Pagoda was built as the most important reliquary shrine in Bagan, a centre of prayer and reflection for the new Therawada faith of King Anawrahta had established in Bagan. The pagoda is standing between the village of Wetkyi-in and Nyaung Oo.It is a beautiful pagoda and was commenced by King Anawrahta but not completed, until the reign of King Kyanzittha (1084-1113).
Sulamani Temple was built in 1181 by Narapatisithu (1174-1211). This temple was known as “crowing jewel” and it stands beyond Dhammayangyi Temple. This temple is a more sophisticated temple than the Htilominlo and Gawdawpalin in Bagan.
Tuyin Taung Pagoda is one of the four pagodas in which King Anawrahta enshrined the four replicas of the sacred. Tooth of Lord Buddha, which he received as a religious gift from King Dhatu Sena of Sri Lanka.
Thatbyinnyu Temple was built by King Alaung Sithu in AD 1144. It is the highest structure in Bagan. There is a rhyme traditionally song by the people of Bagan, which runs: “Massiveness that is Dhammayangyi, Highest that is Thatbyinnyu, Grace that is Ananda.